Hikoya

Billi Deyl

Billi Deyl



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Uilyam (Billi) Deyl 1905 yil 17 -fevralda Manchesterda tug'ilgan. U 1925 yil aprelda "Manchester Yunayted" bilan shartnoma imzolashdan oldin Sandbach Ramblers va Marplda mahalliy futbol o'ynagan.

Deyl futbol ligasida debyutini 1928 yil 25 -avgustgacha o'tkazmagan. U asosiy tarkibdan joy olish qiyin bo'lgan va faqat 64 o'yin o'tkazganidan so'ng 1931 yil dekabrda "Manchester Siti" ga qo'shilgan. U tezda klubda o'zini namoyon qilgan va hech qachon bo'lmagan. -1931-32 yilgi mavsumning qolgan qismida chap qanot himoyachisi.

Uilf Uayld 1932 yil 14 martda "Manchester Siti" bosh murabbiyi bo'ldi. O'sha mavsumda klub chempionatda 14 -o'rinni egallashi mumkin edi. Biroq, ular Angliya kubogi musobaqasidan yaxshi bahramand bo'lishdi. "Siti" ning Geytsxed ustidan 9: 0 hisobidagi g'alabasida Fred Tilson xet-trikka erishdi. Erik Bruk ikkala golni ham Uolsollga (2: 0), ham Bolton Vanderersga (4-2) qarshi xet-trikka erishdi. Tilson "Byornli" (1: 0) va "Derbi Kaunti" (3: 2) darvozasini ishg'ol qildi va "Manchester Siti" "Uembli" da finalgacha etib bordi. O'sha kuni Everton jamoasida Diksi Din, Kliff Britton, Ted Sager va Albert Geldard kabi futbolchilar bor edi. Tilson jarohati tufayli yo'qolganidan so'ng, "Siti" o'yinda 3: 0 hisobida yutqazdi.

1933-34 yilgi mavsumda "Manchester Siti" futbol ligasining birinchi divizionida 5-o'rinni egalladi. O'sha yili to'rtta eng yaxshi to'purar Alec Herd (17), Fred Tilson (12), Erik Bruk (8) va Erni Toseland (6) bo'ldi.

Klub Angliya kubogi musobaqasida ham "Blekbern Rovers" ni (3: 1), "Xall Siti" ni (4: 1), Sheffild Uensdini (2: 0), "Stok Siti" ni (1: 0), "Aston Villa" ni (6: 1) mag'lub etdi. "Portsmut" ga qarshi finalga qadar. Uembliga etib kelganda, gollarni Fred Tilson (7), Alek Xerd (4), Erni Toseland (4) va Erik Bruk (3) kiritgan. Billi Deyl, Frenk Svift, Sem Kouan, Jeki Bray va Mett Basbi kabi futbolchilarni o'z ichiga olgan himoya ham yaxshi o'ynadi.

"Uembli" da bo'lib o'tgan final uchrashuvida "Manchester Siti" "Portsmut" bilan o'ynadi. Fred Tilsonning shunday dahshatli jarohati bor ediki, Sem Kovan uni o'yin oldidan Jorj VI bilan tanishtirganida, u: "Bu Tilson, oliy hazratlari. U bugun ikkita oyog'i singan holda o'ynayapti", dedi. Tilson yaxshi o'ynadi, chunki u 2: 1 hisobidagi g'alabada ikkala golni ham kiritdi va o'sha mavsum sakkizta kubok o'yinida jami to'qqiztaga etdi. "Siti" ning yosh darvozaboni Frenk Svift bu yutuqdan shunchalik g'olib bo'ldiki, u final hushtagida hushidan ketdi.

1934 yil aprelda Uilf Vayld Sem Barkasni "Bredford Siti" dan 5000 funt evaziga sotib oldi. Zamonaviy o'ng qanot himoyachisi Barkas "himoyaviy pozitsiyalardan ijobiy o'yin ko'rsatish" qobiliyatiga ega edi. U Billi Deyl, Frank Svift, Sem Kovan, Jeki Bray, Mett Basbi, Fred Tilson, Alek Herd, Erni Toslend va Erik Brukdan iborat jamoaga qo'shildi.

Bu vaqtga kelib "Billi Deyl o'z davrining eng yaxshi himoyalanmagan himoyachilaridan biri hisoblanar edi; salqin va zamonaviy, tez tiklanadigan va madaniyatli." "Manchester Siti" 1932-33, 1933-34 va 1934-35 yillar mavsumida chempion bo'lgan "Arsenal" jamoasining ustunligiga shubha qiladigan klub sifatida ko'rildi.

1936 yil fevral oyida Uilf Vayld Piter Dohertini "Blekpul" dan sotib oldi, klub rekord to'lovi - 10 000 funt. U Erik Bruk, Alek Xerd, Fred Tilson va Erni Toslendni o'z ichiga olgan oldinga o'tdi. 1936 yil oxiriga kelib, "Manchester Siti" 23 ochkodan 44tasini oldi. Gari Jeyms ta'kidlaganidek "Manchester Siti": to'liq rekord"Bu hali chempionlik formasi emas edi, lekin ularni qurish uchun poydevor yaratdi. Yangi yil" Siti "stolga ko'tarildi va 1937 yil aprel oyida odatdagidek ustun bo'lgan" Arsenal "bilan uchrashganda, ikki tomon ishg'ol qilishdi. birinchi ikkita pozitsiya ". 74 918 tomoshabin Doherti va Toslendning gollarini "Siti" ni 2: 0 hisobidagi g'alabasini kuzatdi.

Keyingi uch hafta mobaynida "Manchester Siti" "Sanderlend" (3: 1), "Preston North End" (5: 2) va "Sheffild Uensdey" ni (4: 1) mag'lub etdi. "Siti" oxirgi o'yinini faqat 2: 2 hisobida durang o'ynashi mumkin edi, lekin bu vaqtga kelib chempion bo'ldi. "Siti" 1936-37 yilgi mavsumda 107 ta gol urdi, asosiy hissa qo'shganlar: Piter Doherti (30), Erik Bruk (20), Alek Herd (17), Fred Tilson (15) va Erni Toseland (7). Billi Deyl, Frank Svift, Jeki Bray va Sem Barkasni o'z ichiga olgan himoya ham o'sha mavsumda yaxshi o'ynadi, 42 o'yinda atigi 61 ta gol kiritdi.

Deyl 1938 yil 21 -iyunda Ipsvich Taunga sotildi. "Manchester Siti" da o'ynagan vaqtida u 269 kubok va ligada o'ynagan. Ikkinchi jahon urushi boshlanishi bilan Deylning karerasi tugatildi.

Uilyam Deyl 1987 yilda vafot etdi.


Billi Deyl - Tarix

Lynyrd Skynyrd asoschilaridan biri sifatida u 1970 -yillarda janubiy rok sahnasini ochishda yordam berdi. Rossington-Collins guruhini boshqargan, u 1980-yillarda aniq ovozni aniqlagan. Lynyrd Skynyrd boshchiligida, gitarachi Gari Rossington 1990 -yillarda afsonaviy musiqani yanada rivojlantirdi.

1951 yil 4 -dekabrda Florida shtatining Jeksonvil shahrida tug'ilgan Gari Rossingtonning otasi u tug'ilganidan ko'p o'tmay vafot etdi. Bu erta yo'qotish unga qattiq ta'sir qildi va uni ayniqsa onasi Bernietsga bag'ishladi. Gari birinchi marta "haqiqiy" gitara - klassik Les Pol Sunburstni sotib olganida, u gitara onasining ismi bilan atalgan.

Gari o'zining musiqiy karerasini 1964 yilning yozida, do'sti Bob Berns baraban to'plamini olganida boshladi - ikkala o'g'il ham darhol dunyoga mashhur rok -nol -barabanchi bo'lishga qaror qilishdi. Faqat ikki barabanchi bilan guruh tuzishning amaliy cheklovlari tez orada ma'lum bo'ldi va Gari gitara chalishni boshladi. Ko'p o'tmay kola idishlari, metall qoldiqlari va yangi qog'oz yo'llari yig'ilib, Sears Silvertone gitarasiga depozit qo'ydi. Gari esladi: "Bu Silverton edi. Bu amplifikat bilan ishlangan edi - hammasi bitta bo'lakda edi. Bu juda zo'r edi. Men uni taxminan 60 dollarga sotib oldim. O'ylaymanki, menga besh yil kerak bo'ldi buning uchun to'lang ". Jeksonvillning yana bir do'sti, Larri Junstrom, bas gitara chaldi va Skynyrddan oldingi birinchi guruhlardan biri uchun sozlangan sozlamalar: Sen, Men va U. Ular faqat musiqa chalishni o'rganishdi.

Gari opa -singil Kerol Leks Filipp bilan uchrashishni boshladi, u Jeksonvill guruhida bosh gitara chaldi, u tez o'ynaganligi uchun mahalliy guruhlar jangida g'olib bo'ldi. Lloyd "Louie, Louie" va "You Really Got Me" singari qo'shiqlarning barcha yakkaxonlarini bilgani bilan Gariga katta taassurot qoldirdi. Kerolni uchrashuvini kutib o'tirganda, Lloyd vaqtini Gariga gitara chalishning asoslarini ko'rsatib o'tkazardi.

Gari Rossington, Bob Berns va Larri Junstrom. Allen Kollinz. Ronni VanZant. Bu besh kishi 1964 yilda birinchi marta birlashganda, hech kim rok -n -roll tarixi yaratilganini anglamagan. Ayniqsa, mening hovlimning birinchi mashg'uloti haqida eshitish. Hech kim hech qanday qo'shiqni oxirigacha bilmas edi. O'zlari bilgan qismlarni ijro etib, yangi guruh "Last Time", "Gloria" va "Louie, Louie" ni sinab ko'rdi. Allenning kichkina Super Reverb kuchaytirgichi bor edi, u ham, Gari ham gitaralarini yorqin kanalga ulab qo'yishdi va Ronni odatdagidek qo'shiq aytishdi - uchalasi ham bitta amperda.

Ko'p yillik mashg'ulotlar asta-sekin o'z samarasini berdi va guruh jiringlayotganda, Skynyrd, har qanday yangi tug'ilgan rok-yulduzlar singari, taniqli taniqli jangchilarni gigien qilishni boshladi, bu esa Alan Valden bilan boshqarishga olib keldi va 1970 yilda Jimmi Jonson bilan demo albom yozish imkoniyatini berdi. Garchi demolar ko'pchilik ovoz yozish kompaniyalarining e'tiborini tortmasa ham, guruhga Capricorn Records bilan shartnoma tuzish taklif qilingan. Skynyrd yorliqda Allman Brothers soyasi ostida abadiy qolishi mumkinligidan xavotirlanib, guruh har kuni janubdagi plyonkadagi bir nights jangiga qaytdi.

Biroq, 1973 yilda, Lynyrd Skynyrd uchun hamma narsa birlasha boshladi. Atlanta shahridagi Funochio-da bir hafta davom etgan guruh davomida mashhur Al Kooper topildi. MCA "Sounds of the South" MChJ bilan rekord shartnoma imzolagandan so'ng, Skynyrd "Cooper" prodyuseri bilan studiyaga kirdi. Natija-Leh-nerd Skin-nerd-"Gimme Three Steps", "Simple Man" va gitaraga asoslangan klassik "Freebird" kabi standartlar bilan guruhning shuhrat qozonishini boshladi.

Oltin va platina albomlari "Sweet Home Alabama", "Saturday Night Special", "Gimme Back My Bullets", "Sening isming nima?" Va "Bu hid" singari bir qator mashhur qo'shiqlardan so'ng paydo bo'ldi. Skynyrd yozgan to'rt yil davomida xotiralar asta -sekin afsonalarga aylandi. Kim turining ochilishi. "Skining" Evropa tirik. 1975 yil qiynoqli sayohat. Stiv Geyns. Yo'ldan yana bir. Knebworth yarmarkasi, 76.

1976 yil sentyabr oyida Gari Skynyrdning eng buyuk qo'shiqlaridan biri - "Bu hid" ni ilhomlantirdi. Mashinani Jeksonvill shahrida haydab ketayotib, u yangi mashinasini boshqarishni yo'qotdi va to'xtab turish joyidan (va Volkswagon bug) eski eman daraxtiga urildi. "Viski idishlari, yangi mashina."

1977 yil 20 oktyabrga kelib Skynyrd qo'shiqlari radio shtapelga aylandi. Ularning so'nggi "Street Survivors" albomi tanqidchilar tomonidan ommabop e'tirofga sazovor bo'ldi. Ularning shuhratparast yangi sayohati, bir necha kun oldin, olomonni ko'rdi. Keyin hammasi Missisipi botqoqligidan 6000 fut balandlikda qulab tushdi.

18:42 da Lynyrd Skynyrd charter Convair 240 samolyotining uchuvchisi kemada yoqilg'i kam bo'lganligi to'g'risida radio eshitdi. Oradan o'n daqiqa o'tmay, samolyot botqoqning o'rtasida zich o'rmonli tog'liga qulab tushdi. Ronni VanZant, gitarist Stiv Geyns, vokalchi Kassi Geyns, yo'l menejeri Din Kilpatrik va guruh a'zolari va ekipaj a'zolariga jiddiy shikast etkazgan halokat Skynyrdning tez ko'tarilgan yulduzini sindirib, botqoqlik bo'ylab 500 metrlik yo'lni kesib tashladi. Lynyrd Skynyrd kutilmaganda fojiali yakun topdi.

Ikkala oyog'i, bilaklari va oyoqlari singan, tos suyaklari va qovurg'alari singan Gari Rossington tirik qolgan guruh a'zolari bilan uchrashdi va Skynyrdni abadiy tarqatib yuborishga rozi bo'ldi. Lynyrd Skynyrd taqdirli va fojiali yakun topdi.

Bir necha yillik tiklanishdan so'ng, halokatdan omon qolganlar, yana bir urinish vaqti kelganini his qilishdi. Gari Rossington va Allen Kollinz bir nechta maxsus murabbiylarda chiqish qilishdi va asta -sekin yangi guruhni rejalashtirishni boshladilar. Bir necha oy ichida ular Skynyrddan omon qolgan Billi Pauell, Leon Uilkeson va boshqa mahalliy musiqachilar bilan shartnoma imzoladilar, garchi yangi guruh uchun bosh vokalistni tanlash juda qiyin bo'lib qoldi. Aqlli ravishda, Gari va Allen past erkak Ronni VanZant taqlidchisining o'rniga .38 Special-dan zo'r, viski ovozli ayol zaxira qo'shiqchi Deyl Krantzni tanladilar.

Rossington-Collins Band 1980 yilda, "Har qanday joyda, har qanday joyda" albomi bilan debyut qilgan. "Getaway" va "Meni noto'g'ri tushunmang" singari qo'shiqlardan olingan albom bir milliondan ortiq nusxada sotilgan va guruh gavjum va gavjum olomonga tashrif buyurgan. Biroq, 1981 yilda guruhning keyingi harakatlari tanqidchilar tomonidan yaxshi qabul qilinganiga qaramay, bozorda qoqilib ketdi.

O'rnatish bosimi guruhga katta zarar etkazdi. Allenning rafiqasi 1980 yildagi gastrol safarini bekor qilishga majbur qilib, tug'ilish paytida vafot etdi, keyin Gari oyog'ini sindirib, gastrolni yana olti oyga qoldirdi. 1982 yilga kelib, Gari va Deyl bir -birlarini sevib qolishdi, bu esa guruh ichidagi muammolarga yana bir stress qo'shdi. May oyida ikkalasi turmushga chiqib, Grand Teton tog'laridagi Milliy Elk boshpanasi tashqarisidagi yog'och uyga dam olish va oila qurish uchun nafaqaga chiqishdi.

Musiqa sanoatidan to'rt yil uzoqlashgandan so'ng, Gari va Deyl 1986 yilda yangi guruh va albom bilan yana paydo bo'lishdi. "Jinoyat sahnasiga" qaytdi, gitara yo'naltirilgan rok bo'lib qoldi, lekin Skynyrdning klassik ovozini yo'qotdi. Gari, halokatning o'n yilligi yaqinlashib kelayotganida, Skynyrd bilan uchrashish uchun ko'proq chaqiruvlar keltirishini bilardi. Garchi u dastlab istamagan bo'lsa -da, u uchrashishni to'g'ri bo'lishini ta'minlash uchun ishtirok etdi. Halokatdan omon qolganlarning hammasini birlashtirib, Ed King va Ronni VanZant va Stiv Geynsning poyafzallarini to'ldirishga urinish juda qiyin vazifani isbotladi. Biroq, guruh o'n yil ichida birinchi marta 1987 yilda Charli Danielsning ko'ngilli jamida sahnaga chiqdi.

"Lynyrd Skynyrd Tribute Band" shousi uch yillik gastrolni boshlash uchun ishlatilgan bo'lib, u hali ham mashhur bo'lib qolmoqda. O'n beshta qo'shiq to'plamini yirtib, guruh an'anaviy "Freebird" yaqinlashuvi bilan yakunlandi - endi Ronni VanZant uchun guruhning maqtoviga aylandi. Qo'shiqni musiqiy asbob sifatida ijro etib, bo'sh mikrofon stolida joylashgan Ronni shlyapasi yonib turganda, qo'shiq ham guruh a'zolari, ham muxlislarning chuqur his -tuyg'ularini qo'zg'ata olmadi.

Guruh Skynyrd muxlislarining sadoqati samolyot halokatidan keyingi yillarda keskin oshganini aniqladi. Tribute Tour davom etar ekan, guruh yangi materialni davom ettirishning nozik masalasiga yaqinlashdi. Skynyrd o'tmishining ulug'vorligiga hurmat sifatida boshlangan voqea guruh kelajagining muhim qismiga aylandi.

Gari Rossingtonning jiddiy ruhiy izlanishlaridan so'ng, o'n to'rt yil ichida birinchi yangi material - Lynyrd Skynyrd 1991 paydo bo'ldi. 1991 yildagi har bir yangi qo'shiq va uning davomi "Oxirgi isyonchi" haqiqiy Skynyrd uslubida hikoya qildi. Hamma guruh a'zolari tomonidan yozilgan yoki birgalikda yozilgan kuylar gitarachilarning puflashidan tortib, mazmunli balladalargacha.

Skynyrdning to'liq islohoti o'z muxlislarini bo'ronga aylantirdi. Birinchi Skynyrd albomining yigirma yilligini boshlagan guruh, Atlanta shahridagi Foks teatridagi tarixiy sahnani bir qator bayram shoulari uchun qaytarib oldi. Keyin Skynyrd Amerika va Evropani kesib o'tgan gastrol safarini boshladi, so'ngra Skynyrd klassikasining butun akustik albomi va boshqa chiqish sanalari. Klassik merosga ega bo'lgan yangi guruh.

Gari Rossington, o'z va guruhining taqdirini qat'iy nazorat qilib, 1995 yil dekabr oyida Fox Teatriga qaytib, Freebird debyuti bilan Skynyrdning rok -roll tarixidagi o'rnini mustahkamladi. Kino . 1976 yilda Skynyrdning Knebworth yarmarkasidagi mashhur spektakli va yo'lda va tashqarida guruhning samimiy "uy filmlari" atrofida bo'lib, Amerika ishlab chiqargan eng buyuk rok -guruhlardan birining ahamiyati to'g'risida yakuniy guvohlik beradi.

1970 -yillarda Lynyrd Skynyrd nafaqat janubiy qizg'ishlarning yovvoyi guruhi ayollari haqida qo'shiq kuylashdi, balki ular rok -n -rollning haqiqiy ruhiga sodiq qolishga harakat qilgan musiqachilar guruhi edi. Skynyrd 1990-yillarda Gari Rossington tomonidan tasvirlangan halol, oyoq osti musiqasi merosini qoldirdi. Gari Rossington haqida dolzarb ma'lumotlar uchun ushbu havolani bosing


Billi Gudman

Mualliflik huquqi va nusxasi 2000-2021 Sports Reference MChJ. Barcha huquqlar himoyalangan.

Ma'lumotlar majmuasini yaratish uchun ko'rsatiladigan va ishlatilgan pley-off, o'yin natijalari va tranzaksiya ma'lumotlarining ko'p qismi RetroSheet-dan bepul olingan va mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan.

InsideTheBook.com saytidan Tom Tango tomonidan taqdim etilgan "Kutish davomiyligi, yugurish kutish tezligi" va "Kaldıraç indeksi" hisob-kitoblari va "Kitob: Beyzboldagi foizlarning o'ynashi" kitobining hammuallifi.

Umumiy hududlar reytingi va yuqoridagi g'alabalar uchun dastlabki tizim Shon Smit tomonidan berilgan almashtirish hisoblari.

Pit Palmer va Gari Gillett tomonidan yashirin o'yinlar sporti bo'yicha to'liq yillik tarixiy Oliy Liga statistikasi.

Ba'zi himoya statistikasi Mualliflik huquqi va nusxasi Baseball Info Solutions, 2010-2021.

Ba'zi o'rta maktab ma'lumotlari David McWater tomonidan berilgan.

Ko'plab tarixiy o'yinchi Devid Devisning boshi bilan zarba berdi. Unga katta rahmat. Barcha rasmlar mualliflik huquqi egasi bo'lib, bu erda faqat axborot maqsadida ko'rsatiladi.


Tarix

The Irondale kafesining eshiklari birinchi marta 1928 yilda Emmet Montgomeri tomonidan hot -dog stendi sifatida ochilgan. Meggi Prentice ko'p o'tmay menyuga gamburger, barbekyu va turli xil sendvichlar qo'shdi va 1932 yilda Miss Bess Fortenberri o'z biznesini sotib oldi. "Stend" Irondale kafesiga o'zgartirildi, qolganlari, ular aytganidek, tarix.

Bess yolg'iz ayol bo'lib, hayotga katta ishtiyoqi bor edi. U erkin qalbli edi, amaliy hazillarni yaxshi ko'rardi va juda muvaffaqiyatli biznes qurdi. Qirqinchi yillarning boshlarida u Floridaga urush harakatlari uchun bordi va u erda eski tanishi Syu Lavleys bilan uchrashdi. Urushdan keyin Bess Syu va ajoyib oshpaz Lizzi Kanningemni Irondalega qaytib kelishga va kafeda yordam berishga ko'ndirdi. Uchlik The Irondale kafesini shahar atrofida ovqatlanish uchun eng mashhur joylardan biriga aylantirdi. Ularning sendvichlarini qo'yish kerak edi, chunki o'sha paytda kafeda ovqatlanish uchun joy ko'p emas edi. Shunday qilib, ularning sendvich biznesi rivojlana boshladi. Va ular bir necha chaqirim davomida mazali go'sht va sabzavotlari bilan mashhur edilar. Asl kafe kirish joyiga bir qadam qolgan, siz yurganingizda siz bilan birga ko'tarilgan pollar bilan qoplangan, kichkina ramkali binoda joylashgan edi. Old xonada tashqi devor bilan qoplangan to'rtta kabin, xonaning o'rtasida kichik stollar, sakkizta yog'och va metalldan yasalgan Coca-Cola stullari bo'lgan uzun taymer bor edi. Orqa xonada uchta kabina va eski Rokola bor edi. Oshxona ikkita "ovqat" xonasini ajratdi. Old xonada sardalya singari o'tiradigan joylar soni 31 edi.

1972 yilda Bess insultga uchradi. Taxminan o'sha paytda Sue va Lizzi ikkalasi ham sog'lig'ida muammolarga duch kelishdi va ishlashni davom ettira olmadilar. Shunday qilib, Bess kafeni sotishga va nafaqaga chiqishga qaror qildi.

Billi Makmayl ismli janob ko'p marta kafeda tushlik qilgan, Irondale yaqinidagi janubiy temir yo'lda ishlagan va bu kafeni Miss Bessdan sotib olishga qiziqqan. 1963 yilda rafiqasi Meri Jo va uchta kichkina farzandi bilan Atlantadan Birmingemning Roebuck-Huffman hududiga ko'chib kelgan Billi, xotinini bu to'g'ri ish ekanligiga ishontirishi kerak edi. Qachonki u Bess bilan kafe sotib olish haqida gaplashganida, Bess unga Meri Jo kirishini va u bilan gaplashishini taklif qilgan. "Bu kafeni dunyoda nima uchun sotib olmoqchisiz?" - so'radi Bess. Meri Jo unga Billi uni sotib olmoqchi ekanligini, lekin u bilan ishlashga tayyorligini aytdi. Garchi Meri Jo o'sha kecha uyiga borib, Bessni boshqa birovga sotishini so'rab ibodat qilgan bo'lsa -da, Bessi Bessni xursand qilib, Makmichaellarga sotishga qaror qildi.

Ular 1973 yil 2 -yanvar kuni ertalab soat 5:30 da ochilib, haftasiga oltita ertalab to'liq nonushta, haftaning olti kuni tushlik, keyin tushdan keyin sendvichlar berishardi. Ular soat 5 da yopildi. ertangi kunga tayyorgarlik ishlarini bajarish, soat 18:30 da tugatish. har kuni. Billi va Meri Jo 1979 yil oxirigacha kichkina ramka binosida ishlashni davom ettirdilar, shunda viloyat sog'liqni saqlash boshqarmasi restoranlar joylashgan eski, eskirgan binolarga jiddiy e'tibor qaratishni boshladi. Ular 1920 yilda qurilganligi sababli, Irondale kafesi shu yo'nalishning bir qismi edi. Ko'p variantlarni tortish, va xarajatlar va boshqa talablar juda murakkab bo'lgani uchun, Billi o'zining qurilish tajribasidan foydalanishga qaror qildi va asli bilan bir xilda yangi restoran qurdi. Ob -havo va boshqa asoratlar tufayli homiylarni tayyorlash va tayyorlash uchun yetti oy kerak bo'ldi, lekin 1980 yil 22 -iyulda Billi va Meri Jo 100 kishilik "yangi" Irondale kafesini ochishdi. Ular, shuningdek, to'lib toshish va shaxsiy uchrashuvlar yoki partiyalar uchun foydalanish uchun maxsus xonaga ega edilar. Meri Jo o'zining kichik ofisiga ega edi, oshxona endi kattaroq edi va ularda avtomatik idishlarni yuvish mashinasi, ikkita pechka, beshta fritöz va ishlash uchun joy ko'p edi. Qisqa vaqt ichida biznes normal holatga qaytdi va olomon o'sishda davom etdi.

Gazetalar qahvaxonaning yillar mobaynidagi yutuqlari haqida xabar berishdi va yangi mijozlarni jalb qilishdi. Meri Jo Irondale kafesida ko'plab bolalar o'sayotganini kuzatdi va ularning hayotida ozgina qismi borligini bilishdan xursand bo'ldi. Taxminan sakkiz yoshida kira boshlagan va yillar davomida u erda ovqatlanishni davom ettirgan, rafiqasi va bolalarini olib kelgan yigit singari, bu oilalar buvisi tayyorlagan taomdan zavqlanish uchun yig'iladigan joyga aylangan. shuningdek.

1990 yil dekabr oyida eski Daly apparat do'koni kafe yonida joylashganida, Billi kengaytirishga qaror qildi. 1992 yil yanvar oyida Birmingemdagi Cobb Galleria teatrida "Qovurilgan yashil pomidor" filmining premyerasi bo'lib o'tdi va Bess Fortenberining jiyani va shu nomli kitob muallifi Fanni Flagg o'zining ko'plab do'stlari va sheriklari bilan ochilish marosimiga keldi. U ochilgandan so'ng, kafega har tomondan sayyohlar kela boshladi. Mahalliy gazetada shunday maqola chop etildi: “Filmni ko'rdingizmi? Endi unvonni tatib ko'ring ”. Olomon ko'paydi. Kafega birinchi marta kelgan har bir kishi bizning qovurilgan yashil pomidorimizga buyurtma beradi! Biz har hafta 60 yoki 70 kilogramm qovuramiz, yakshanba kuni esa bundan ham ko'proq.

2000 yil iyun oyida Jim Dolan Irondale kafesini sotib oldi, menyuni bir xil saqladi va 30 yildan oshiq restoranda bo'lgan oshpazlarni saqlab qoldi. Dolan deyarli har kuni tashqarida suratga tushayotgan odamlarni ko'radi va hamma qovurilgan yashil pomidorni sinab ko'rmasa -da, ular har kuni 600-800 bo'lakka xizmat qilishini aytadi. Jamiyat ishtirok etadigan eng quvnoq bayramlardan biri - har yili bahorda o'tkaziladigan "Whistle Stop" festivali. Shunda siz shanba kuni kafe ochilishini topasiz!


Billi Deyl - Tarix

1890 yilgi bir xonali maktab uyida hozir Lili Deyl muzeyi joylashgan. Muzey Kutubxona ko'chasi va Sharqiy ko'chaning burchagida, Shifolash ibodatxonasi qarshisida joylashgan.

Spiritualistlar harakati va Lili Deyl asos solingan birinchi kunlardagi fotosuratlar, artefaktlar va esdaliklar orasidan vaqt o'tishi bilan tanishing. Mintaqaning kashshof diqqatga sazovor joylarining vintage tasviriy namoyishidan bahramand bo'ling. Siz & rsquoll Foxlar oilasining buyumlari namoyishini topasiz, ularning ruhiy olam bilan aloqasi guvoh bo'lganlar spiritizmning tug'ilishiga yordam bergan.

Syuzan B. Entoni ayollar va rsquos saylov huquqlari namoyishi mamlakatdagi eng yaxshilaridan biri sifatida qayd etilgan. Yog'ingarchilik ruhi rasmlari, shuningdek mashhur Bangs opa -singillar va aka -uka Kempbelllarning shiferlari devorlarni bezatib, Viktoriya davridagi bino va rsquos muhitiga qo'shiladi.

Muzeyning diqqatga sazovor joylari, shuningdek, spiritizm va uning kashshoflarining birinchi tadqiqot manbai sifatida e'tirof etilgan spiritizmchi gazetalar, jurnallar va risolalarning keng to'plamini o'z ichiga oladi.

Qabul qilingan har qanday xayr -ehsonlar muzeyimizni kengaytirish va saqlashga yordam beradi va soliqdan chegirib tashlanadi. Tekshiruvlarni Lili Deyl yig'ilish muzeyiga topshirish mumkin.


Havolalar

Billi Deyl Frizning bo'yi qanday?
Billi Deyl qancha og'irlik qiladi?
Biz tashrif buyuruvchilarning ba'zi qadriyatlariga egamiz.
*Siz aniq qiymat, balandlik, vazn va boshqalar haqidagi ma'lumotlarni shakl orqali yuborishingiz yoki postga izoh qoldirishingiz mumkin.
** Biz o'quvchilarimizdan quyidagi ma'lumotlarni oldik, bu yolg'on va yolg'on bo'lishi mumkin.
1.88m.*Bu ma'lumotni 31 yoshli Sopi Reyman bergan. Ish: (Ishchi, Qutqaruvchi). Nyu -Jersi shtatining Manaxavkin shahridan.
Billi Deyl Friesning vazni qancha?

77 kg. ** Bu ma'lumot 23 yoshli Frederik tomonidan berilgan. Tioga shahridan, Luiziana.
68 kg. *** Bu ma'lumotni 42 yoshli Priscilla Sweeting bergan. Kolorado shtatining Grover shahridan.


Billi Vestmorlend

So'nggi paytlarda men dastlabki kunlarda kichkina basslar va ularni ta'qib qilishda kashshof bo'lgan erkaklar haqida o'ylardim. Eng buyuklaridan biri - menimcha ning buyuk - Billi Vestmorlend.

U jismonan gigant emas edi, garchi uning yelkalari keng va tashqi ko'rinishi baland edi. Ammo kichkina bassni tutish haqida gap ketganda, uning bo'yi tengsiz edi. Men u haqida otam tufayli uchrashishimdan ancha oldin bilardim.

Biz o'sha paytda Kentukkida yashardik, lekin Tennessi chizig'iga va Deyl Xollou ko'liga juda yaqin. Dadam bolaligimda baliq ovlagan. Uning ko'ldagi do'stlaridan biri Billi edi. Men ularning jasoratlari haqida hikoyadan keyin hikoya eshitdim. Va men baliq ovlashga aqldan ozganim uchun ularning har biriga qoyil qoldim.

Nihoyat, men 14 yoki 15 yoshda bo'lganimda, butun oilam bir kechada kechki ovqat uchun Tennaning Selina shahriga bordilar. Biz qarg'a uyasi deb nomlangan yashil rangdagi eski restoranga bordik va u erda Billi ukasi bilan ovqatlanardi. Men yonimda edim. Men bu odamga ikkita so'z aytdim deb o'ylamayman. Men shunchaki tikilib qoldim va u qanday bo'lishini tasavvur qilishga harakat qildim.

Taxminan bir yil o'tgach, u dadaga qo'ng'iroq qilib, u bilan Deyl Xolluda baliq ovlashni xohlaysizmi, deb so'radi. Albatta, biz ha dedik. Safar davom etdi.

Ochig'ini aytish mumkinki, o'sha kuni maymass yoki baliq ovlash haqida ko'p narsa o'rgandim. Men u odam bilan qayiqda bo'lganimdan shunchalik g'azablandimki, kunning ko'p qismini unga tikilib o'tirdim. Esimda, lekin biz ko'p vaqtimizni o'lja o'g'irlash bilan o'tkazganmiz.

Hozirgi vaqtda jonli o'lja ko'pchilik baliqchilar bilan mashhur emas. O'ylaymanki, men buni tushundim, lekin sizga aytamanki, sun'iy baliq ovlashdan oson emas. Muvaffaqiyatli bo'lishni istasangiz, to'g'ri o'ljani ishlatishingiz, kerakli joyda baliq tutishingiz va uni to'g'ri ko'rsatishingiz kerak. Hech qachon o'ylamang, faqat dudog'ini labiga ilib, qayig'ining yoniga osib qo'yish kifoya.

Yana o'sha kundan beri esimda qolgan narsa shundaki, biz qo'lga tushgan barcha baliqlarni o'zimizda saqladik va biz juda ko'p ovladik. Axir, ular baliq edi. Siz ularni eyishingiz kerak edi. Biri bilan yana nima qilardingiz? Hozir narsalar unday emas. Baliqlarni saqlash va saqlash masalasida biz rivojlandik. Billi ham rivojlandi. Oxirigacha u qo'lga tushgan har bir smallini qo'yib yubordi.

O'sha sayohatdan so'ng, deyarli 2002 yilda vafotigacha, men u bilan yana ko'p baliq ovlash imkoniyatiga ega bo'ldim. Men bu sayohatlardan yaxshiroq foydalandim. Men uning nima qilganiga va nima uchun bunday qilganiga e'tibor qaratdim. Men ko'p narsani o'rgandim. Keyingi bir necha hafta mobaynida men siz bilan o'rganganlarim bilan bo'lishaman va sizga u haqida ba'zi hikoyalarni aytib beraman, deb o'ylayman.


Blackface: Amerika stereotipining tug'ilishi

Billi Van, monolog komediyachi, 1900. Bu tasvir Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Kongressi kutubxonasining bosma va fotosuratlar bo'limida mavjud. 1831 raqamli identifikatori ostida.

Tarixchi Deyl Kokrell bir paytlar ta'kidlaganidek, "siyosiy, iqtisodiy va ijtimoiy jihatdan yuqoridan, balki pastdan siqilgan" kambag'al va ishchilar oqlari ko'pchilik a'zolari bo'lgan zulmni ifoda etishning bir usuli sifatida. lekin oq me'yordan tashqarida. Minstrelsy, oq tanlilarning bo'rttirilgan kostyumlar va bo'yanishdagi "qorong'ilik" ni komedik chiqishlarini irqiy istehzo va stereotipdan butunlay ajratib bo'lmaydi. Afro -amerikaliklarning xususiyatlari va madaniyatini, shu jumladan tashqi ko'rinishi, tili, raqsi, deportatsiyasi va fe'l -atvorini buzib, oq amerikaliklar kodlashtirishga muvaffaq bo'lishdi. oqlik sinflar va geosiyosiy chiziqlar bo'ylab uning antitezi.

Bu kabi stereotipik tasvirlarning keng tarqalishi afroamerikaliklarning fuqarolik huquqlarini himoya qilishni yanada qiyinlashtirdi. Bu erda ifodalangan qora tanlilar mas'uliyatsiz, kulgili va tushunish qiyin edi. Agar oq tanlilar bu stereotiplarni qabul qilsalar, afro -amerikaliklarga fuqarolik huquqlarini berishdan voz kechish ancha osonlashdi.

Birinchi shov -shuvli namoyishlar 1830 -yillarda Nyu -Yorkda yuzlari qoraygan (eng ko'p ishlatilgan kuygan mantar yoki poyabzal bo'yog'i) va yirtiq kiyimdagi oq ijrochilar tomonidan janubiy plantatsiyalarda qul bo'lgan afrikaliklarga taqlid qilgan va taqlid qilgan. Bu spektakllarda qora tanlilar dangasa, johil, xurofotchi, giperseksual, o'g'rilik va qo'rqoqlikka moyil bo'lgan. "Minstrelsining otasi" nomi bilan mashhur Tomas Dartmut Rays 1830 yilda birinchi mashhur qora tanli "Jim Crow" ni yaratdi. 1845 yilga kelib, minstrelning mashhurligi ko'ngilochar subindustriyani yaratdi, qo'shiq va lavha musiqasi, bo'yanish, kostyumlar, shuningdek, yangi spektakllarni yaratish uchun tayyor stereotiplar to'plami.

Jump Cru Crow albomining dastlabki nashriga muqova.

Tomas D. Rays o'sha paytda Boweri teatrida ("Amerika teatri" deb ham ataladi) o'zining qora tanli rolida tasvirlangan. Bu tasvir keyingi Jim Krou va befarq tasvirlarga katta ta'sir ko'rsatdi.

"Blackface" spektakllari, ayniqsa, afroamerikaliklar bilan muntazam aloqada bo'lish cheklangan Shimoliy va O'rta G'arbiy shaharlarda, fuqarolar urushi oxiri va asr boshlarida mashhur bo'lib ketdi. Oq irqiy dushmanlik, ozodlikdan so'ng, antebellum stereotiplari haqiqiy afro -amerikaliklar bilan to'qnashganda va ularning to'liq fuqarolik talablari, shu jumladan ovoz berish huquqi bilan o'sdi. Amerika jamiyatiga beparvolik va irqiy stereotiplarning ta'sirini ortiqcha baholab bo'lmaydi. Yangi ommaviy axborot vositalari sahnadan, radio va televidenie efirlarida va teatrlarga chiqishlarni boshladilar. Amerikalik mashhur aktyorlar, jumladan, Shirli Templ, Judi Garland va Mikki Runi qora tanli don kiyib, avlodlar o'rtasidagi xayolparastlik ko'prigidan o'tdilar va qora yuzni (irqiy parodiya va stereotiplarni) oilaviy o'yin -kulgiga aylantirdilar.

Blackface va qorong'ulikni kodlash - til, harakat, deportatsiya va xarakter - bugungi kunda ommaviy axborot vositalari orqali va ommaviy chiqishlarda karikaturalar saqlanib qolmoqda. "Qora" Xellouin kostyumlarining mashhurligi oshganidan tashqari, butun mamlakat bo'ylab kollej va universitetlar talabalar va professorlarning qora yuzli chiqishlariga qarshi kurashni davom ettirmoqdalar. Har bir holatda, qora tanli spektakllarni tekshirayotganlar hech qanday yomonlik yoki irqiy nafrat ko'zda tutilmaganligini ta'kidlaydilar.


Billi Deyl - Tarix

332500
Rad etildi
16346 yil amakivachchasi

Benjamin Kollinz rad etildi

Bayoff filiali, Ayviton, Magoffin okrugi. Kentukki shtatining Breatxit okrugida tug'ilgan.
Siz qanday huquqni bo'lishishga da'vo qilasiz? bir tomondan onam Luiza Koul
Xotinining ismi Meri Jeyn Kollin, 46 yoshda

Ota Jon Kollinz
Hind nomi Cherokee
Ona Luiza Kollinz
Hind nomi Cherokee
Qizning ismi Luiza Koul
Otasi va onasi Kentukki shahrida tug'ilgan 1851 yilda Kentukki shahrida istiqomat qilishgan
Ota qaror qildi
Ona yashaydi

Aka -uka va opa -singillarni nomlang
Feldon Kollinz
Pollyan Kollinz
Cho'pon Kollinz
Jeyn Kollinzning aniq sanasi ma'lum emas
Uollis Kollinzning yoshi noma'lum
Buvilar va buvilarning davlat ingliz va hind nomlari
Ota tomoni
Cho'pon Kollinz
Polli Kollinz
Onalar tarafi
Tiney Koul Sr.
Mariah Koul
Bolalar ismlari
Tiney va Meriah Koul
Jerah Koul 1870 yilda
Luiza Koul
Perlin Koul
Jorj Koul qaror qildi
Adam Koul
Rufus Koul 1872 yilda vafot etdi
Tiney Koul
Jon V. Koul
O'lim balansi noma'lum
Cho'pon va Polli Kollinz
Xiram Kollinz qaror qabul qildi
Jon Kollinz qaror qabul qildi
Sara Kollinz qaror qabul qildi
Syuzanna Kollinz qaror qabul qildi
Adam Kollinz qaror qabul qildi

Voyaga etmagan bolalar uchun qo'shimcha dastur
To'liq ismi Benj Kollinz
Res Ivyton, Magoffin Co., Ky
Tug'ilgan sanasi va joyi 1869 yil 15 oktyabr
27 yoshli Meri J. Kollinzga uylangan
Bolalar
Buddy Kollinz 14 1893 yil 29 oktyabrda tug'ilgan
Flem Kollinz, 1895 yil 25 mart
Boon Kollinz 1899 yil 6 -may
Miranda Kollinz rad etdi

Inglizcha ism Miranda J. Kollinz
Ivyton qarorgohi, Magoffin Co., Kentukki
Siz necha yoshdasiz 47 1860 yil 12 avgustda tug'ilgan
Siz qayerda tug'ilgansiz, Johnson Co., Ky
Erining ismi Cho'pon Kollinz 47 yoshda
U qaysi hindu qabilasiga mansub? Cherokee
Otangiz va onangizga Berri Deyl ismlarini bering - Cheyni Koul

Hamma aka -uka va opa -singillaringizga ism bering
Danl Deyl
Bitha Deyl
Lois Deyl
Rosko Deyl
Maxey Deyl
Lena Deyl

Ota -onangiz tomonidan bobo va buvilaringizning ingliz va hind davlat nomlari
Otasi Ruben Deyl
Ona tomoni Jek Koul

Hamma bolalarining ismlarini bering

Manda Deyl
Charti Deyl
Cheria Dale
Arter Deyl
Iltimos, Deyl
Harden Deyl

Shaxsan mening oldimga Harris Xovard va Albert Peys keldi, ular qasamyod qabul qilishdi va Miranda J. Kollinz bilan yaxshi tanish ekanliklarini aytishdi. va uni o'zi ko'rsatadigan shaxs sifatida biling va u aytgan so'zlar o'z bilimlari va e'tiqodlariga to'g'ri keladi va ular uning da'vosiga hech qanday qiziqish bildirmaydi.

H. C. Xovard
Albert Peys
28 August 1907

1. English Name: Anderson Cole
2. Town and post office: Ivyton
3. County: Magoffin
4. State: Kentucky
5. Date and place of Birth: Knox County, Ky Apr 25 1833
6. By what right do you claim to share? If you claim through more than one relative living in 1851, set forth each claim separately? Through my Father Jack Cole and my myself .
7. Are you married? yes
8. Name and age of wife or husband: Elizabeth Antrobus born in 1848, years old 57 when she died.
9. Give names of your father and mother, and your mother's name before marriage.
Ota
English name: Jack Cole
Indian name: Cherokee
Ona
English name: Peggy Higgins
Indian name: Cherokee
Maiden name: Peggy Higgins
10. Where were they born?
Father: Buncomb Co, North Carolina
Mother: Richmond Virginia
11. Where did they reside in 1851, if living at that time?
Father: Lee co Virginia
Mother: Richmond Virginia
12. Date of death of your father and mother?
Father: Mch 7th 1864
Mother: don't know
13. Were they ever enrolled for annuities, land, or other benefits? Yo'q
14. Name all your brothers and sisters, giving ages, and if not living , the date of death:
men Mary E. Cole
ii. Emanuel Cole
iii. Alvira Cole
iv. John Cole
v. Harrison Cole
vi. Elizabeth Cole Born Oct 1838
vii. Thomas J. Cole 1831
15. Sate English and Indian names of your grandparents on both father's and mother's side, if possible:

My grandfather was John C. Cole, my grandmother was Cuzzie Cole.
16. Where were they born? Shimoliy Karolina
17. Where did they reside in 1851, if living at the time? Bilmadim.
18. Give names of all their children and residence, if living if not living, give dates of deaths:
Luana Cole, Ezekiel Cole, Jack Cole, Charles Cole, Wm Cole, Wils Cole date of Deaths all unknown to me Except Jack Cole died Mac 7th 1864

Sir:
I hereby make application for such share as may be due my minor children of the fund appropriated by Act of Congress approved June 30, 1906, in accordance with the decree of the Court of Claims of May 18, 1905, and May 28, 1906, in favor of the Eastern Cherokees, and I ask that this be made part of my original application No. 31697
1. State your full name: Anderson Cole
2. Residence and post office: Ivyton
3. County: Magoffin
4. State: Kentucky
5. Date and place of birth: born April 25th 1833 Knox Co., Ky
6. Are you married: yes
7. Name and age of wife or husband: wife dead.
8. To what tribe of Indians, if any, does he or she belong: Cherokee
9. Names of all your children who were living on May 28, 1906:
1. W. J. Cole, age 18, 1889 May 30
10. Were they ever enrolled for money, annuities, land, or other benefits? If so, state when and where, and with what tribe of Indians: No
Remarks: signed Anderson Cole
16 Aug 1907
D B Galyer
My commission expires Mch 2, 1908
Affidavit
Personally appeared before me J. F. Atkeson and Augustus Arnett who, being duly sworn, on oath depose and say they were well acquaninted with Anderson Cole who makes the foregoing application and statement, and have known him for years and years, respectively, and know him to be the identical person he represents himself to be, and that the statements made by him are true, and they have no interest, whatever in this claim.

Signatures of Witnesses
J. F. Atkeson
Augustus Arnett
29th day of July 1907
Notary Public B W Higgins
Commission expires Mch 14th 1908
Affidavit:
Personally appeared before me J. W. Cole and Harrison Cole who, being duly sworn, on oath depose and say that they are well acquainted with Anderson Cole who makes the foregoing application and statement, and have known him for 30 years and 35 years, respectively, and know him to be the identical person he represents himself to be, and that on May 28, 1906, he had the children living as above set forth, and that the statements made by him are true, and they have no interest whatever in this claim.
signatures of Witnesses,
J W Cole
Harrison Cole

16th Aug 1907
Anderson Cole, being duly sworn and examined, deposes says:
My name is Anderson Cole: I was born in Knox Co., Ky in 1833: I claim my Indian blood thru my father. I make no claim thru my mother: she was of Dutch and French descent: my father was born in N.C. in 1827 my father died in 1862. I think it was in Buncombe C. in 1787: my father died in 1862. My father claimed his Cherokee Indian blood thru both his father and mother I think my grandmother's maiden name was Cuzzie Anderson. I never saw the grandparents thru whom I claim: My grandmother thru whom I claim died before I was born so I have been told. I don't know when my grandfather died. He died in Lawrence Co. Ky,.

I am unable to trace my Cherokee ancestry back farther than my grandparents.
I have an older sister who if living at the present time would be over a hundred years old. She was born in Lee Co. Va.

In 1835 I think my father and I lived in Lee Co, Va. In 1851 I think my grandfather was dead. In 1851 my father and I lived in Lee Co. Va.

I heard that my father and I lived with the Cherokees as members of the tribe. At the time of my birth 1855 neither my father or grandfather lived with the Cherokees. None of the Ancestors thru whom I claim were ever held in bondage. None of the ancestors thru whom I claim were ever enrolled. none ever received any money or land as an Indian. None of my relatives ever went to the Indian Territory and received land there as an Indian. Each of the grandparents thru whom I claim were three quarter Cherokee. My father was always a voter. I have always been regarded in the community in which I lived as being of Cherokee and white parentage.
signed Anderson Cole

Shepherd Cole Rejected

Received Feb. 1, 1907
1. English Name: Shepherd Cole
2. Indian Name: Cherokee
3. Residence: Gullett, Ky
4. Town and post office: Gullett
5. County: Magoffin
6. State: Kentucky
7. Date and place of Birth: Floyd County, Ky Feb. 24, 1849
8. By what right do you claim to share? If you claim through more than one relative living in 1851, set forth each claim separately?
I claim through my Father Charles Cole and my Mother Charlotte Cole also myself Sheperd Cole
9. Are you married? yes, twice 1st wife Nancy J Cole born. Sept. 10, 1851 Sy and died Dec. 6, 1905
10. Name and age of wife or husband: Deemas Patrick born Jan. 6, 1870 last wife
11. Give names of your father and mother, and your mother's name before marriage.
Ota
English name: Charles Cole died July 14, 1878
Indian name: Cherokee
Ona
English name: Charlotte Cole died Oct 23, 1898
Indian name: Cherokee
Maiden name: Charlotte Cole
12. Where were they born?
Father: Lee County, Va
Mother: Kentucky
Where did they reside in 1851, if living at that time?
Father: On Licking River in Floyd, Co. Ky
Mother: On Licking River in Floyd, Co. Ky
13. Date of death of your father and mother?
Father: July 14, 1878
Mother: Oct. 23, 1898
14. Were they ever enrolled for annuities, land, or other benefits? Yo'q
15. Name all your brothers and sisters, giving ages, and if not living , the date of death:
men Wallis Cole B. July 14, 1847
ii. Sheperd Cole b. Feb. 24, 1849
iii. Apperson Cole b. Mar. 10, 1851, d. 1901 yil iyul
iv. Nancy Jane Cole b. Jan 13, 1853
v. Meredith Cole b. Apr. 25, 1855, d. Apr 24, 1881
vi. Page Cole b. Dec. 31, 1857
vii. Cam Cole b. July 22, 1862, d. noma'lum
16. Sate English and Indian names of your grandparents on both father's and mother's side, if possible:
Wm Campbell was my Father's Father Louana Cole was my Father's mother. William Cole was my mother's Father. Biddy Collins was my Mother's Mother.
17. Where were they born? noma'lum
18. Where did they reside in 1851, if living at the time? Louana Cole lived in Tenn. in 1851 and Wm Cole lived in Floyd Co., Ky in 1851.
19. Give names of all their children and residence , if living if not living, give dates of deaths:
Louana Coles brothers and sisters: English name: John Cole, Charles Cole, Nancy Cole, Margret Cole, Polly Cole. All dead date of death unknown except Nancy died Dec. 16, 1906.
Wm Cole brohter and sisters"
English name: Kizziah Cole, Tiney Cole, Oma Cole, Mima Cole, George Cole, Charlotte Cole, John Cole, Sookey Cole and Hiram Cole.
Sir:
I hereby make application for such share as may be due my minor children of the fund appropriated by Act of Congress approved June 30, 1906, in accordance with the decree of the Court of Claims of May 18, 1905, and May 28, 1906, in favor of the Eastern Cherokees, and I ask that this be made part of my original application No. 31697
1. State your full name: Shepherd Cole
2. Residence and post office: Gullett, Magoffin Co., Ky
3. County: Magoffin
4. State: Kentucky
5. Date and place of birth: born Feb. 24, 1849 in Floyd Co., Ky
6. Are you married: yes, Twice
7. Name and age of wife or husband: 1st wife Nancy J. Cole b. Sept. 10, 1850
8. To what tribe of Indians, if any, does he or she belong: Cherokee
9. Names of all your children who were living on May 28, 1906:
men Lois E. Cole, age 36, b. Sept 19, 1870 married G W Maddox 22 Dec 1887
ii. John Morgan Cole, age 25, b. Oct 23, 1881 marroed Emily Gullett 5 mar 1903
iii. Melsena(?) Cole, age 13, b. June 20, 1894
10. Were they ever enrolled for money, annuities, land, or other benefits? If so, state when and where, and with what tribe of Indians: No
Izohlar:
I was married the 2nd time to Deemas Patrick Mch 1st. 1906. My Great Grand Father John Cole moved from North Carolina to Tennessee about 20 years ago or more. My grandfather William Cole came to Ky from Tenn about 100 years ago before 1830.
Affidavit

Personally appeared before me James M. Collins and Charles d Minix who, being duly sworn, on oath depose and say they were well acquainted with Shepard Cole who makes the foregoing application and statement, and have known him for 33 years and 16 years, respectively, and know him to be the identical person he represents himself to be, and that in May 28, 1906, he had the children living as the above set forth, and that the statements made by him are true, and they have no interest, whatever in this claim.
Signatures of Witnesses
James M. Collins
Charles Minix

15th day of July 1907
Notary Public E. M. Howard
Commission expires Jan 17th 1910
Affidavit:
Personally swear that the foregoing statements made by me are true to the best of my knowledge and belief.
Shepherd Cole

29th Jan 1907
commission expires Mch 13th 1908 B. W. Higgins N.P. W.C
Witnesses: Nelson Salyer known 55 years and Whitaker known 25 years.

Shepherd Cole, being duly sworn and examined, deposes says:
My name is Shepherd Cole: I was born in Floyd Co., Ky in 1849: I claim my Cherokee Indian blood thru both my father and mother: my father was born in Lee Co., Va. in 1827 my mother was born in Kentucky, I don't know the county. in 1826: my father got his Cherokee blood thru his mother : my father's mothers maiden name was Luana Cole: my father was illegitimate child and took the name of his mother: I have been told by my grandmother that she was born in Tenn or N.C. I don't know county. I do not know the year in which she was born Luana Cole got her Indian blood thru both her father and mother: Her fathers name was John Cole: I don't remember her mothers name. I've heard from my grandmother that my great grandparents as members of the Cherokee tribe in N. C. I do not know when they lived with them or in what County of N. C. I do not know when my great grandparents died.

My mother claimed her Indian blood thru her father who was a brother of Luana Cole, my grandmother.
In 1835 my father lived in Lee Co., Va and my mother lived Ky. In 1851 I and my parents lived in Floyd Co. Ky. None of my ancestors were ever enrolled that I know of: none ever received any Indian money or land as an Indian: none of the ancestors thru whom I claim were ever held in bondage.: none of the ancestors thru whom I claim ever had a Indian name that I know of:
My grandfather thru whom I claim was a three fourth Cherokee. My grandmother Luana Cole was also a 3-4 Cherokee. All my ancestors have always been regarded as Cherokee Indian and English descent.
My mothers father moved from Tenn. to Ky before 1835.
Signed Shepherd Cole
#42247 Easter Bailey is the great grand daughter of Luana Cole
#41518 Fielden Collins is my second cousin. His grandfather Tiny Cole is the brother to my mother.
#39993 Dorcus Nickles gradndmother Sucky Nickles was my mothers sister
#34765 Newton Cole is my first cousin. His grandfather's name was William Cole. "

Tiney Cole Rejected
English Name Tiney Cole
Indian Name tiney Cole
Residence Ivyton, Magoffin Co., Ky
Date and place of birth June 8th 1858 -Magoffin Co., Ky

By what right do you claim to share? If you claim through more than one relative living
By Father- Tiney Cole- and mother Mariah Cole

Wife Sarah cole age 60 yrs
Father English name Tiney Cole
Father Indian name Tiney Cole
Mother English name Mariah Cole
Mother Indian nane Mariah Cole

Where wee they born
Father Ky
Mother Ky

Where did they reside in 1851 if living at that time?
Father Floyd Co., Ky
Mother Floyd Co., Ky

Date of death of your father 1905 -- mother 1890

Name all your brothers and sister, giving ages, and if not living the date of death
Jerry Cole dec'd
George Cole ''
Adam Cole living
Rufus Cole dec'd
John Wesley Cole living

State English and Indian name of your grandparents on both father's and mother's side, if possible
Father's side Wm Cole Sr. Mother's side Jackson Cole

Where did they reside in 1851 Kentucky

Give names of all their children and residence if living if not living give dates of death

English name Tiney Cole, George Cole Sr. Mima Cole , Outa [?] Cole, Lottie Cole, John cole, Hiram Cole,

Mother's side Unknown except Anderson cole

to expedite identification claimants should give the full English and Indian names, if possible, of their paternal and maternal ancestors back to 1835

Father's side William Cole - Biddy Cole
Mother's side Jackson Cole

Personally appeared before me M.C. Kash and Nelson Salyer who being duly sworn on oath depose and say that they are well acquainted with Tiney Cole Jr., who make the foregoing application and statements, and have known him for 3 years and 15 years, respectively and know him to be the identical person he represent himself to be and that the statements made by him are true to the best of their knowledge and belief and they have no interest whatsover in his claim.

M.C. Kash
Nelson Salyer
29th of July 1907

Residence Gulleltt Kentucy

Aunt of 31695 and claims throught the same source

[31695 is Christina Cole, daughter of Hezekiah Gibson]

How old are you [1837] born in Tennessee

To what tribe of Indians does he or she belong? Cherokee

Father and Mother Bryson Gibson and Fannie Gibson

Where were they born?
Father in Virginia or Tenn
Mother '' ''

Where did they reside in 1851 Don't know [Hezekiah/ Kiah Gibsons
application says they lived in Morgan Co., Ky.]

Father died 1865
Mother died 1867

Brothers and sisters
Tyra Gibson
Polly Gibson
Dice Gibson
Alex Gibson
Betty Gibson
Ava Gibson
Burl Gibson
Kiah Gibson

State English and Indian names of your grandparents
Thomas Gibson
Polly Gibson

Personally appeared T. J. Arnett and J. J. Pace who being duly sworn
on oath depose and say that they are well acquainted with Kiah
Gibson.

Kezziah Gibson being duly sworn and examined deposes and says

My name is Kizziah Gibson I was born in Wise Co., Va., in 1836 I claim my Cherokee blood thru both my father and mother I think my gather was born in Wise Co., Va., about 1785 he died in 1865. My mother was born in Wise Co., Va., about 1785 . My mother died in 1870 In 1835 I and my father and mother lived in Wise Co., Va. In 1851 I and the ancestors thru whom I [claim?] lived in Floyd Co., Ky. In 1835 the grandparents thru whom I claim lived in Wise Co., Va. In 1835 my parents and grandparents thru whom I claim lived among the cherokees in Wise Co., Va. I don't know whether they lived as members of the ribe or not none of the ancestors thru whom I claim were ever held in bondage none of the ancestors thru whom I claim were ever enrolled that I know of and never received any money or land as an Indian none of my ancestors ever had an Indian name that I know of

I never heard my grandparents say how much Indian blood they had they always told me that we belonged to the Cherokee generation. My father was a voter. In this community I have always been regarded as having Cherokee Indian blood

Subscribe and Sworn to before me this 29th day of July 1908 at Salyersville, Ky.

Kiah Gibson Rejected

English name Kiah Gibson
Residence Ivyton, Magoffin Co., Ky
How old are you 70 Born 1837
Where were you born Virginia
Name of wife Margaret Hensley
What tirbe of Indians does he or she belong? Hech kim
Name all your children who were living on May 28, 1906 giving their ages

Clerinda Gibson 58
Marlena Gibson 52
Jerry Gibson 49
Jo g. Gibson 45
Christina Gibson 40
Bob Gibson 39

Give names of your father and mother Bryson Gibson -- Fannie Green
Father English name Bryson Gibson
Indian name Cherokee
Mother English name Fannie Green
Indian name

Where did they reside in 1851, if living at that time?
Father Morgan Co., Ky
O'lim sanasi
father 1867
mother 1877

Name all your brothers and sisters, giving ages
Tyra Gibson
Polly Gibson
Burl Gibson
Alex Gibson
Betty Gibson
Dice Gibson
Ira Gibson
Ava Gibson
Nancy Gibson
Squire Gibson

State English and Indian names of your grandparents on both father's and mother's side if possible

Father's side Thomas Gibson -- Franky Gibson

I solemnly swear that the foregoing statments made by me are true to the best of my knowledge and belief.

Kiah Gibson
March 14th, 1908

Personally appeared before me T.J. Arnett and J.J. Pace who being duly sworn on oath depose and say that they are well acquainted with Kiah Gibson, who make the foregoing application and statements, and have known him for 15 years and 15 years, respectively and know him to be the identical person he represent himself to be and that the statements made by him are true to the best of their knowledge and belief and they have no interest whatsover in his claim.

T.J. Arnett
J.J> Pace
March 14, 1908


Calvin Gibson Rejected

English Name Calvin Gibson
Residence Salyersville
County Magoffin
State: Kentucky
How old are you 54 Born May 24th, 1853
Where were you born Breathitt Co., Ky.
Name and age of wife Mariah Cole 53 years old
What tribe of Indians does she belong ? Cherokee

Name all your children who were living on May 29

Rene Gibson 33 May 26 1874
Ira Gibson 29 May 2, 1879
Bunk Gibson 25 Apr 16 1882
Stella Gibson 22 Mch 29, 1885
Crit Gibson 19 Sept 13 1888
Clay Gibson 18 Jun 5 1889
Wm Gibson 16 Sept 14 1891

Give names of your father and mother and your mother's name before marriage

Ira Gibson Polly Nickels
Father -- English name Ira Gibson
Indian name Cherokee
Mother-- English name Polly Nickels
Indian name Cherokee

Father Tennessee
Mother Kentucky


Where did they reside in 1851 if living at that time?
Father Ky
Mother Ky

Date of death of your father and mother

Father Died in 1905
Mother Apl 1907

Name all your brothers and sisters giving ages and residences if possible

State English and Indian names of your grandparents on both father's and mother's side if possible'

Father's side Bryson Gibson -Fannie Gibson
Mother's side Wm. Nickels - Betty Nickels

Where were they born Tenn & Ky
Where did they reside in 1851 in Ky

Give names of all their children and residence if possible

Kiah Gibson
Squire Gibson
Burl Gibson
Aly Gibson
Tyre Gibson
Betty Gibson
Dice gibson
Kezziah Gibson

Wm Nickels
Jr Nickels
John Nickels
Tom Nickels [?]
Nancy Nickels
Tempy Nickels
Haney Nickels


Affidavit
Personally appeared before me Noah Patrick and S. E. Hager who being duly sworn on oath depsos and say they the are well acquainted with Calvin Gibson who makes the foregoing application and statements, and have known him for 10 and 15 years repsectively, and know him to be the identical person he represents himself to be, and that the statements made by him are true to the best of their knowledge and belief, and they have no interest whatever in this claim.

Signatures f Witnesses
Noah Patrick
S. E. Hager

Subscribe and sworn to before me this 21st day of Aug 1907.
DREWRY LAWSON

Commissioner of Indian Affairs
Vashington, Kolumbiya okrugi

Sirs:
I hereby make application for such share as may be due me of the fund
appropriated by the Act of congress approved June 30, 1906, in accordance
with the decrees of the Court of Claims of May 18, 1905, and May 28, 1906,
in favor of the Eastern Cherokees. The evidence of identity is herewith
subjoined.

1. State full name -
English name: Drewry Lawson

2. Residence and post office:Bigfall Tennessee
County: Hancock
State: Tennessee
5. How old are you? I was born Aug 18, 1878

6. Where were you born? Born near Bigfall
7. By what right do you claim to share? My father W.J.K. Lawsons great
grandfather Drewry Lawson a half brother to chief Cherokee Indian Benge, and
great grandmother a Cherokee Indian Woman

9. Name and age of wife or husband: I was born August 18, 1878 my wife Nancy
Hatfield born Oct. 19, 1872
Give names of your father and mother, and your mothers name before marriage.


Father-English name: W.J.K. Lawson

Mother-English name: Elizabeth B. Legear

Indian name: white so far as I know

Maiden name: Elizabeth B. Legear
Where were they born?

Father: one half mile east of Bigfall

Mother: one mile west of Bigfall
Where did they reside in 1851, if living at that time?

Father: one half mile east of Bigfall

Mother: Not born until 1855
Date of death of your father and mother

Father: living Mother: living
Were they ever enrolled for annuities, land, or other benefits? If so, state
when and where: about May 20th 1892 or 1893 O. B Johnson enrolled them at
Bigfall Tenn and us children pap paid him $20.00 for enrolling us all.
Name all your brothers and sisters, giving ages, and if not living, the date
of death:

George? W. Lawson born 1867 Living in Oregon

4 brothers and 2 sisters under age
State English and Indian names of your grandparents on both fathers and
mothers side, if possible:

Fathers side: Drewry Lawson Mothers side: Alie B. Dodson

Indian name: Benge White so far as I know
Where were they born? Grandfather eight miles of Bigfall Tennessee in Hancock
County and grandmother at Bigfall.
Where did they reside in 1851, if living at that time? Near Bigfall Tennessee
Give names of all their children, and residence, if living if not living,
give dates of deaths:

English name: W.J.K. Lawson at Bigfall

English name: all the balance of my uncles and aunts is dead without issue
except 2 half aunts. My grandfather was married twice.

English name: Nancy Virginia Sutton still living

Residence: near Bigfall Tenn

English name: Martha T. Hatfield living

Residence: near Bigfall Tennessee
Have you ever been enrolled for annuities, land, or other benefits? Is so,
state when and where:

About May 20, 1892 or 1893 Mr. O.B. Johnson enrolled me at Bigfall Tennessee

Records have burned up March 5, 1905
To expedite identification, claimants should give the full English and
Indian names, if possible, or their paternal and maternal ancestors back to
1835:
My father W.J.K Lawsons great grandfather Drewry Lawson was half brother to
chief Cherokee Benge, and his great grandmother a Cherokee Indian Woman.

Izohlar
(under this head the applicant may give any additional information that he
believes will assist in proving his claims.

3 of my fathers uncles and 2 of his aunts looked to be one half Indians. 2018-05-01 xoxlasa buladi 121 2
of my uncles looked to be close skin to the Indians. One of my brothers
looks to be ¼ Indian and one of my sisters looks to be one eighth Indian.

I solemnly swear that the foregoing statements made by me are true to the
best of my knowledge and belief.

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 3rd day of Sept 1906.

J.N. Campbell Notary Public Sneedville Tennessee

AFFIDAVIT
(The following affidavit must be sworn to by two or more witnesses who are
well acquainted with the applicants.)

Personally appeared before me James R. Johns and James N. Willis who, being
duly sworn, on oath depose and say that they are well acquainted with Drewry
Lawson who makes the foregoing application and statements, and
have know him for 10 -years respectively, and know him to be the identical
person he represents himself to be, and that the statements made by him are
true, to the best of their knowledge and belief, and they have no interest
whatever in his claim.


1964 to 1989

Eslatma: Billy Joel didn't put the following events quite in order by year. So we couldn't separate them out easily.

Birth control

Birth Control became an issue with the advent of the birth control pill. Later, abortion was legalized.

Ho Chi-Minh

Ho Chi-Minh was the leader of the Communist North Vietnamese, who first fought the French and then the Americans.

Richard Nixon back again

After losing the election for President to John F. Kennedy in 1960 and then losing his bid to be Governor of California in 1962, former Vice President Richard Nixon fought back to regain prominence in national politics. One interesting thing he did was to be a guest on the popular television comedy show Kulish. Nixon repeated the show's running gag-line, "Sock it to me" a number of times. It gave the impression that he was not such a dour person after all. Nixon was elected President in 1968.

Moon shot

The United States landed the first man on the moon.

Woodstock

A farmer in the Woodstock area of New York state donated his land for a rock concert. Surprisingly, 600,000 rock fans showed up, making it the biggest rock concert ever held.

Watergate

Supporters and staff of U.S. President Richard Nixon were accused of breaking into the Democratic headquarters in the Watergate hotel. Nixon tried to cover up the fact and soon he forced to resign from office because of that cover up. Several of his staff members were sent to prison as a result of the affair.

Punk Rock

Punk rock hits the music scene with such groups as the Sex Pistols, who would spit at the audience.

Boshlash

Begin was Prime Minister of Israel.

Reygan

Former movie actor Ronald Reagan became President of the United States.

Palestine

Palestinians protested unfair treatment by the Israelis.

Terror on the airlines

Numerous airline hijackings were in the news.

Ayatollah's in Iran

The Shah of Iran&mdashwho was supported by the United States&mdashwas overthrown and Ayatollah Khomeini took over the country. Hostages were taken at the US embassy in Tehran and finally released 444 days later.

Russians in Afghanistan

The Soviet Union entered Afghanistan to "protect" Communist interests in the country. Rebels were supported by the United States, and finally after a long, costly war, the Soviets were forced to withdraw from the country. Ironically, the Afghan rebels later used the arms supplied by the U.S. to fight the Americans.

Wheel of Fortune

The Wheel of Fortune TV show became a favorite.

Sally Ride

Sally Ride became the first American woman in space as a member of the Space Shuttle crew in 1983. Valentina Tereshkova of the Soviet Union was the very first woman in space in 1963, orbiting the Earth 48 times.

Heavy metal, suicide

One viewpoint is that Billy Joel had two topics here: Heavy Metal, where heavy metal rock comes on the music scene, and Suicide, where the suicide rate among young people seemed to be rising.

(Billy Joel's website states: "heavy metsl, suicide")

However in the 1980s, there were lawsuits against heavy metal groups of Ozzy Osbourne and Judas Priest, claiming that their lyrics encouraged and caused some young people to commit suicide.

(Wikipedia has the lyrics without the comma))

Foreign debts

Foreign debts were causing an increase in inflation, as well as a burden on American taxpayers.

Homeless Vets

Many veterans of the Vietnam conflict became homeless. A major problem with them was drug addiction or alcoholism.

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) disease started to spread throughout the world.

Yoriq

A potent form of the highly addictive drug cocaine called "crack" or "rock" had been rapidly spreading in the United States, especially in troubled neighborhoods.

Bernie Goetz

Bernie Goetz was a New Yorker who was concerned about crime in the city. After he got on a subway in the afternoon, four African-American youths approached Goetz and demanded $5 from him. He pulled out a gun and shot all four. Then he shot one of the youths again, as he lay on the floor, severing the spinal cord and paralyzing him.

Goetz escaped but later turned himself in. Many N.Y. citizens deemed him a hero. The case brought about the debate as to whether people have the right to take the law into their own hands. Goetz was convicted only of illegal possession of firearms and sentenced to 8 months in prison. Afterwards, the youth he paralyzed sued and won a $43 million judgment.

Hypodermics on the shore

News reports showed how hundreds of carelessly discarded hypodermic needles had washed up on the New Jersey shoreline.

China's Under Martial Law

In June 1989, thousands of protesters marched in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China. Many were killed and China went under martial law until order was restored.

Rock and Roller Cola Wars

Pepsi and Coke battle for supremacy in the marketplace. Each hired musicians to promote their drink. Coke hired Paula Abdul, while Pepsi had Michael Jackson. They then started to try to outdo each other by getting other musicians and celebrities to help promote their drinks.


Videoni tomosha qiling: Горячие пердачки - Билли нагибает и троллит в укрепах #138 - Приколы WoT (Avgust 2022).